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Osteoporosis Treatment: Which one is right for you?


Bones that have osteoporosis are more prone to abrupt, unforeseen fractures because they are weaker. Bone fractures are a common indication of the condition, which frequently advances without any symptoms or discomfort. This condition is treatable, and you may take precautions to avoid getting it.

Describe osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis literally translates to "porous bone." Since the condition weakens bones, having it increases your chance of abrupt, unforeseen bone fractures. If you have osteoporosis, your bones are weaker and have less mass. The condition frequently progresses without any warning signs or discomfort, and it is typically not recognized until the weakening bones result in excruciating fractures. The majority of them include hip, wrist, and spine fractures.

Multiple myeloma, are blood disorders.

There are negative effects from some drugs that might weaken bones and induce osteoporosis. These consist of steroids, breast cancer therapies, and seizure control drugs. You should discuss how your drugs are affecting your bones with your doctor or chemist.

Why does osteoporosis occur?

Even without understanding the precise reason why osteoporosis occurs, researchers are still able to understand how it occurs. Developing, live tissue makes up your bones. A healthy bone's inside resembles a sponge. The trabecular bone refers to this region. The spongy bone is encased by an outer layer made of thick bone. The cortical bone is this tough covering.

Osteoporosis weakens the inside of the bone by causing the "holes" in the "sponge" to enlarge and multiply. Bones support and shield the body's critical organs. Calcium and other minerals are also stored in bones. The body breaks down and rebuilds bone when it requires calcium. This procedure, known as bone remodeling, maintains the strength of the bones while supplying the body with the calcium it requires.

In what ways is osteoporosis handled?

Exercise, vitamin and mineral supplements, and pharmaceuticals are all possible treatments for osteoporosis that have already progressed. You may benefit from taking supplements and engaging in physical activity to avoid osteoporosis. Exercises including weight bearing, resistance, and balance are all crucial.

How may osteoporosis be avoided?

Two significant risk factors that you may control to stave against osteoporosis are your diet and lifestyle. Hormone chronic osteoporosis treatment in Islamabad that replaces lost oestrogen offers postmenopausal women a powerful barrier against osteoporosis.

  • Diet

You need a diet high in calcium to maintain strong, healthy bones throughout your life. The amount of calcium in one cup of skim or 1 percent fat milk is 300 milligrams.

In addition to dairy products, additional excellent sources of calcium include dried figs, sardines, salmon with bones, kale, broccoli, juices and breads fortified with calcium, and calcium supplements. The best option is to attempt to acquire your calcium through food and liquids.

Because it helps the body absorb calcium, vitamin D is very crucial. The following is a list of the recommended daily intakes for vitamin D. Additionally a few weekly sessions of exposure to sunshine and the consumption of fortified milk also provide vitamin D.

  • Lifestyle

The amount of bone loss can be decreased by leading a healthy lifestyle. Start a routine fitness regimen. The greatest exercises for building stronger bones are those that require your muscles to work against gravity, including weightlifting, running, and aerobics.

Don't overindulge in booze. Avoid consuming too much caffeine. Never, ever use tobacco.

Signs and Symptoms.

Due to the absence of symptoms, osteoporosis is frequently referred to as a "silent disease". In many cases, a person does not become aware of their ailment until they break a bone. A vertebra, one of the 33 bone segments that make up the spine, can also fall out due to osteoporosis. These are symptoms of a collapsed vertebra:

  • Backache
  • Decline in height
  • Kyphosis, a spine curvature that resembles a hump, is a deformity.

What Leads to It?

Your bones' calcium and other mineral content contributes to their strength and density. Your body continually builds new bone while dissolving (reabsorbing) old bone. Young people go through this phase fast. You increase your bone mass because you generate more bone than you lose. After the mid-30s, your body continues to produce new bone, but at a slower rate, resulting in greater bone loss than bone production. Your chance of subsequently getting osteoporosis is influenced by how much bone you have in your 30s. The menopause, when oestrogen levels fall, causes a considerable increase in bone loss in women. Despite the fact that there are several causes of bone loss, hereditary factors account for 60–80% of peak bone mass.


The likelihood that you may break a bone during the next 10 years is estimated using data from tests like the bone density test. If your risk is low, therapy may not involve medication and may instead concentrate on reducing fall and bone loss risk factors.

  • Bisphosphonates (zoledronic acid, alendronate, risedronate, and ibandronate) 
  • Raloxifene 
  • Teriparatide 
  • Abaloparatide 
  • When additionally given to treat menopausal symptoms, romozumab oestrogen 
  • Calcitonin 

Despite the possibility of negative effects, many chronic osteoporosis treatment in Islamabad are successful. To find out if you require medical attention and which course of action is best for you, consult Dr. Agha Ebrahim. Numerous drugs for Osteoporosis prevention and Osteoporosis Treatment in Karachi.

  • Bisphosphonates

The most often recommended osteoporosis drugs are bisphosphonates, which are given to both men and women who are at higher risk of fracture.

  • Bone-building medications

Your doctor could advise attempting: if you have severe osteoporosis or if the most popular therapies for osteoporosis don't work well enough.

Teriparatide (Forteo, Bonsity). This potent medication encourages the creation of new bones and is similar to parathyroid hormone. For up to two years, it is administered via daily injection under the skin.

Another medication like parathyroid hormone is Abaloparatide (Tymlos). Only two years are allowed to use this medication.

(Evenity) Romosozumab. This is the most recent osteoporosis medicine to promote bone growth. It is only effective for one year of therapy and is administered as an injection monthly at your doctor's office.

You will often need to take another osteoporosis medicine to retain the new bone after stopping any of these bone-building treatments.

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