### Enroll Course

100% Online Study
Web & Video Lectures
Earn Diploma Certificate

# Break-Even Analysis: How to Calculate the Break-Even Point

Start with a free account to explore 20+ always-free courses and hundreds of finance templates and cheat sheets. Therefore, the company needs to sell at least 250,000 widgets from the new unit in order what is accounts receivable turnover ratio to break even. This means Sam needs to sell just over 1800 cans of the new soda in a month, to reach the break-even point. \$30 is the break-even price for the firm to manufacture 10,000 widgets.

• The variable costsclosevariable costsVariable costs are expenses a business has to pay which change directly with output, eg raw materials.
• Watch this video of an example of performing the first steps of cost-volume-profit analysis to learn more.
• Let us take the example of another company, ASD Ltd. engaged in pizza selling that generated sales of \$5,000,000 during the year.
• The break-even point helps businesses with pricing decisions, sales forecasting, cost management and growth strategies.

However, after establishing market dominance, a business may begin to raise prices when weak competitors can no longer undermine its higher-pricing efforts. Break-even price as a business strategy is most common in new commercial ventures, especially if a product or service is not highly differentiated from those of competitors. By offering a relatively low break-even price without any margin markup, a business may have a better chance to gather more market share, even though this is achieved at the expense of making no profits at the time. Traders also use break-even prices to understand where a securities price must go to make a trade profitable after costs, fees, and taxes have been taken into account.

## Breakeven Point: Definition, Examples, and How to Calculate

By using NOPAT, you incorporate the cost of all actual operations, including the effect of taxes. For the rest of this section, we use the first formula to calculate the break-even point. When calculating break-even quantities, it is important to account for taxes, which are a real expense that a company incurs. Taxes do not vary directly with the revenues; instead they are usually calculated on taxable profits. Another reason why break-even analysis is important to stock and option traders is that break-even analysis provides insight into their positions' profitability. By determining the breakeven point for their positions, stock and option traders can gauge the potential risk-reward ratio and make informed decisions as to whether to pursue a stock or option trade.

• From this analysis, you can see that if you can reduce the cost variables, you can lower your breakeven point without having to raise your price.
• To calculate BEP, you also need the amount of fixed costs that needs to be covered by the break-even units sold.
• If they cut the price substantially, they'll need a large jump in demand for their product to pay for their fixed costs, which are needed to keep the business operating.
• For options trading, the breakeven point is the market price that an underlying asset must reach for an option buyer to avoid a loss if they exercise the option.

At 175 units (\$17,500 in sales), Hicks does not generate enough sales revenue to cover their fixed expenses and they suffer a loss of \$4,000. In terms of its cost structure, the company has fixed costs (i.e., constant regardless of production volume) that amounts to \$50k per year. Recall, fixed costs are independent of the sales volume for the given period, and include costs such as the monthly rent, the base employee salaries, and insurance. For a service business, the units could be the company's hours billed to clients. In finance, there are various tools and methods used for break-even analysis.

## Break Even Analysis Formula

In our example, Barbara had to produce and sell 2,500 units to cover the factory expenditures and had to produce 3,500 units in order to meet her profit objectives. It’s the amount of sales the company can afford to lose but still cover its expenditures. Barbara is the managerial accountant in charge of a large furniture factory’s production lines and supply chains. She isn’t sure the current year’s couch models are going to turn a profit and what to measure the number of units they will have to produce and sell in order to cover their expenses and make at \$500,000 in profit. The main thing to understand in managerial accounting is the difference between revenues and profits. Since the expenses are greater than the revenues, these products great a loss—not a profit.

If a company has reached its break-even point, this means the company is operating at neither a net loss nor a net gain (i.e. “broken even”). Businesses share the similar core objective of eventually becoming profitable in order to continue operating. Otherwise, the business will need to wind-down since the current business model is not sustainable. Take your learning and productivity to the next level with our Premium Templates. No. of Units to Produce the Desired Profit is calculated using the formula below. Let’s show a couple of examples of how to calculate the break-even point.

## How to Calculate the Breakeven Point

Break-even is the point at which revenue and total costs are the same, meaning the business is making neither a profit nor a loss. The break-even level of output informs a business of how many products it needs to sell to reach the break-even point (BEP). Using break-even allows a business to understand its costs, revenue and potential profit to help inform business decisions.

## Break-Even Price Strategy

Fixed costs are costs that remain the same regardless of how many units are sold. The concept of break-even analysis is concerned with the contribution margin of a product. The contribution margin is the excess between the selling price of the product and the total variable costs.

## Break Even Analysis Formula Calculator

Thus, you can always find the break-even point (or a desired profit) in units and then convert it to sales by multiplying by the selling price per unit. Alternatively, you can find the break-even point in sales dollars and then find the number of units by dividing by the selling price per unit. In contrast to fixed costs, variable costs increase (or decrease) based on the number of units sold. If customer demand and sales are higher for the company in a certain period, its variable costs will also move in the same direction and increase (and vice versa). Therefore, given the fixed costs, variable costs, and selling price of the water bottles, Company A would need to sell 10,000 units of water bottles to break even. It helps to find the number of units one needs to sell in order to produce profit without taking the fixed cost into consideration.

## How do you calculate a breakeven point?

Confirm this figured by multiplying the break-even in units (500) by the sale price (\$100), which equals \$50,000. The total fixed costs are \$50k, and the contribution margin (\$) is the difference between the selling price per unit and the variable cost per unit. So, after deducting \$10.00 from \$20.00, the contribution margin comes out to \$10.00. Once you’re above the break-even point, every additional unit you sell increases profit by the amount of the unit contribution margin.

### SIIT Courses and Certification

Full List Of IT Professional Courses & Technical Certification Courses Online
Also Online IT Certification Courses & Online Technical Certificate Programs